Be pre-informed about these common complications during pregnancy
Pregnancy is a crucial time for both the mother and child. Since the nutrition and development of the child to be born is highly dependent on the mother, her diet, her state of mind and general health at large; it is highly recommended that during this period, the mother should take utmost care of her overall well being.
However, sometimes, due to various factors either environmentally affected or intrinsic ones, there may be certain complications associated with the pregnancy. Following are six such complications that you need to be aware of.
Statistics show that one in every 50 pregnancies in the US is Ectopic.
Vomiting for more than 4 to 5 times a day may suggest you have Hyperemesis gravidarum.
Usually, the egg that has been fertilized gets implanted in the uterus, but in case of Ectopic pregnancy, the fertilized egg gets implanted outside the uterus mostly in the fallopian tubes. As the pregnancy grows, it causes vaginal bleeding, pain, pain during micturation amid other problems. This problem may be caused as a result of use of intrauterine devices or due to pelvic inflammatory disease. This type of pregnancy never survives unfortunately and has to be surgically removed as it is highly dangerous and may damage the internal organs, cause internal bleeding and may also prove to be fatal.
Placental abruption is said to occur when the lining of the placenta gets separated from the uterus. Affecting about one percent pregnancies world over, this condition mostly takes place after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Common symptoms include uterine tenderness, bleeding, pain, pallor and strong uterine contractions that do not stop. Maternal smoking, alcoholism and previous caesarean sections increase the risk of development of this complication. The type of treatment differs according to the extent of placental separation. In case the separation is large, early delivery of the baby may have to be arranged.
A medical condition characterized by appearance if protein in the urine and hypertension arising due to pregnancy is termed as Preeclampsia. High blood, pressure, swelling of limbs, stomach and head pain, dizziness are associated with this condition. Obesity and genetic factors may lead to Pre-eclampsia. The only treatment available is early delivery of the baby and should be carried out so as to avoid serious complications such as cerebral hemorrhage and respiratory complications of the foetus.
The most common complication, it is the death of the foetus due to its incapability to survive. Factors causing miscarriage differ according to the various trimesters of pregnancy. Gestational diabetes, auto-immune disorders, and high alcohol consumption are known to be linked to miscarriage. Identifying the cause of miscarriage may help in preventing it to a great extent in case of next pregnancy.
A high blood sugar level of the mother during pregnancy is termed as gestational diabetes. This kind of diabetes resolves itself after the baby is born unlike other kinds of diabetes. Gestational diabetes affects women who are obese or have high blood pressure. Controlling the sugar levels as in other diabetes cases is the option to control this complication.
Starting before the 5th week of pregnancy, Hyperemesis gravidarum refers to excess vomiting during pregnancy. Multiple pregnancy, thyroid abnormalities and genetic factors contribute to this condition. In cases where the mother has lost a lot of water, rehydration is important. Sucking on anti-sickness drugs can considerably reduce the nausea and vomiting.