Osteoporosis can incapacitate you if you fail to read signs and take timely action.
Osteoporosis is a term used to describe a condition in which bone density in the body reduces. As a result, bones become brittle and lose strength. Gradually, bones become porous and spongy, which leads to increased compressibility and frequent fractures. The first stage or the milder form of osteoporosis is Osteopenia. In this condition, bones do lose strength but they do not become as porous and compressible as in osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is caused due to a number of factors, the major among them being loss of calcium in bones. The condition is also triggered when the other building blocks of the bones, which are collagen and proteins are deficient. The most dangerous thing is that your body does not send out signals of osteoporosis right from the beginning stages. A lot of people only get to know about it when they suffer a fracture.
Signs of Osteoporosis: Here are some signs of severe osteoporosis you should not ignore:
- Bone fragility and loss of erect posture: The onset of osteoporosis makes normal routine activities difficult to perform. You find it difficult to stand up from a sitting position without support. Body joints also ache while walking and in severe cases, loss of height is also noticed, causing a hunched back due to spinal compression and subsequent curvature. Fractures in the hips due to slight impact are another common sign of the disease.
Osteoporosis affects more women than men
People over 50 years of age can reduce severity of osteoporosis by taking calcium supplements and dairy products
- Aches and pains:People with osteoporosis experience pain in different bone joints and muscles; and, backache is the most pronounced. It is difficult to sit for long without back support. This is because the brittle skeletal structure finds it tough to support body weight. Pain is exaggerated in people who are overweight and obese.
- Weight loss:With a decrease in the bone density, bones become lighter and the overall weight of the body drops sharply. This is not a healthy weight loss and if you experience unreasonable loss of weight along with the other symptoms of osteoporosis, you need to go for a checkup. Usually, your Body Mass Index (BMI) drops by 2.5 points.
Other signs of osteoporosis
Besides these main factors, some of the other signs of osteoporosis are:
- Very little bleeding or no bleeding during menstruation
- Incidence of menopause earlier than usual
- Reduction in estrogen production during menopausal stage or after it
- Pain in the neck
- Pain in the tooth
- Brittle fingernails
- Fractures during low stress activities such as walking or climbing stairs
Knowing the signs of the disease can help you address and deal with the problem on time and take measures to increase bone density.