Articles in Category: Bone health
Colles fracture is the most common fracture seen in women. Our forearm is composed of two bones, a thicker ‘radius’ and a thinner ‘ulna’ bone. Fracture occurring at the lower end of radius just above the border of the wrist when the person falls on an outstretched hand with palm side down on the ground is referred to as Colles fracture.
Bones become weak when there is a reduction in their density caused due to low levels of calcium, proteins, vitamins and minerals. There is continuous bone loss in the body because of their usage in daily activities. However, this loss is covered up through the calcium that the body receives from food. Osteoporosis or weak bones occurs when calcium lost is more than calcium gained.
Osteoporosis is a term used to describe a condition in which bone density in the body reduces. As a result, bones become brittle and lose strength. Gradually, bones become porous and spongy, which leads to increased compressibility and frequent fractures. The first stage or the milder form of osteoporosis is osteopenia. In this condition, bones do lose strength but they do not become as porous and compressible as in osteoporosis.