Ways to give correct and timely first aid
First aid can often save a person’s life. Read on below for tips to safely administer first aid for common and frequently occurring problems.
Fractures, dislocations and other musculoskeletal injuries: These are among common situations where you need to have presence of mind and take immediate action. For fractures and dislocations, the best thing to do is to do nothing. Do not move the patient, do not give food or drinks and do not apply pressure on the affected region. Call the doctor quickly.
Fever: Keep the body cool by applying cooling sponges. Avoid oily, sugary or spicy things to eat. Record temperature regularly and call the doctor if temperature continues to remain high or if it increases.
Electric shock: Switch off the current point and use dry wood to break the person’s contact with the current. Mouth to mouth respiration might be required if you do not detect breathing.
Drowning: For someone rescued from drowning, ***mouth to mouth respiration*** is often necessary but only after pumping the chest and back to bring out the swallowed water. ***CPR*** should not be attempted unless you are trained at it. The person should not be moved unnecessarily.
First Aid Trivia
Calm the patient to avoid panic and further deterioration.
Never provide first aid if you are not sure about what to do
Dog bites: Wash immediately with medicated soap and water and eliminate all dirt and germs from the cuts and bruises as well as the area bitten. Most importantly, confirm if the animal was rabies infected or not. Attempt to stop bleeding. Ice packs work best in this regard. Cover the wound with clean cotton bandage. If the person is diabetic, rush to the hospital immediately.
Croup: When someone experiences ***croup*** contact with moisture is very essential in this condition. Either take the patient to the bathroom where moisture is high naturally or use a humidifier to increase humidity in the room.
Convulsions: Prevent the person from hurting himself. Stuff a clean cotton cloth in the mouth so that the person does not bite and injure his tongue. However, take care not to gag him. Remove solid objects from vicinity and call a doctor immediately.
Burns and scalds: Use cool water to reduce burning. Remove clothes very slowly so that they do not stick to the wound. Use sterile dressing without using ointment. Medical attention is immediately required if the burn is deep and severe.
Ear aches: Applying alternate hot and cold compression to the ear.
Appendicitis: A bout of ***appendicitis*** needs immediate pain relief. Try ice packs and do not let the patient eat anything, until medical help arrives.
Toothaches: As first aid, provide ice compress; aspirin too helps and so does application of clove oil on the affected tooth.
Sunburns: Apply a medicated sun burn cream, provide water drink to avoid dehydration and prevent further exposure to sun.
Heart attacks and strokes: Call ambulance immediately; remove tight fitting clothes; CPR and mouth to mouth might be necessary if breathing has stopped. Tilt the patient to the side.
Nose bleeds: Can be remedied by tilting the head backwards and squeezing nostrils. Cold compression to the neck, head and nose helps.
Immediate help can save further deterioration of health and save the patient in many cases. However, it is important to follow the right procedure.