Men must know about this silent and slow killer, to combat it better
Type II diabetes is a disease that does not allow optimum breakdown and digestion of sugars and carbohydrates. It can strike people of any age and cause serious repercussions such as cardiac diseases, vision problem, kidney failure and nerve damage. Here's more on this slow and silent killer.
What is Type 2 diabetes?
Diabetes is of two kinds – Type 1 and Type 2. While both the kinds of diseases are related to lack of or insufficient production of insulin in the body, there is a difference between the two:
- Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease while
- Type 2 is basically a metabolic disorder.
Insulin is required in the body to break down carbohydrates and release energy. In people who suffer from Type 2 diabetes, two things may happen. Firstly, insulin production is insufficient and secondly, body develops insulin resistance. In fact, all cells in the body do have certain limited amount of resistance towards insulin. However, when type 2 diabetes strikes, resistance increases so much that metabolism is largely affected.
Incidence of diabetes is higher in Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanics and Asians
90% of diabetics around the world have type 2 diabetes
When the metabolism of sugars and carbohydrates does not take place in the body, sugar level in the blood incre ases. This increased sugar content causes all the problems associated with type 2 diabetes.
What causes Type 2 diabetes?
Although doctors are not sure about what causes an increase in insulin resistance in the body, the strongest reason for resistance is excessive insulin production in the body, resulting from an excessive consumption of food or malfunctioning of pancreas.
Insulin resistance also develops when cells are exposed to high levels of insulin very frequently. Since excessive insulin production is toxic for the cells, they become resistant against the enzyme resulting in Type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes can be caused due to genetic and hereditary factors. The risk of this disease also shoots up after the age of 45.
What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
There are four major indicators of type 2 diabetes –
- frequent thirst,
- frequent urination,
- increased hunger and
- unreasonable weight loss.
In addition to these signs, the person affected by the disease also experiences symptoms such as:
- constant fatigue, frequent headaches, dizziness, dry mouth and blurred vision.
- One of the most characteristic signs of this disease is slow healing of wounds. Excess blood sugar hampers circulation of blood, which makes healing difficult.
- Diabetics are also more prone to contracting yeast infections in the urinary tract and experience an itchy groin.
- Sexual dysfunction as in erectile problems in men and dry vagina in women are also symptoms of the disease.
How to control type 2 diabetes?
- The only way to effectively control type 2 diabetes is by having a controlled diet. Avoid eating excessively and do not consume foods that are high in carbohydrates and sugars.
- Weight should be normal since overweight and obesity cause imbalance of insulin.
- Smoking, red meats, high fat dairy products, alcohol and processed foods should be avoided.
- Cholesterol should be kept in control.
- Exercise is a must since working out promotes blood circulation.
How is Type 2 diabetes diagnosed?
Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed through urine and blood test. The medicines given to treat diabetes either balance insulin produced by pancreas or make insulin more effective on cells. Insulin injections are prescribed if blood sugar is very high.
Healthy lifestyle is the best protection against type 2 diabetes.