Learn more about Attention deficit disorder
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), also known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a chronic developmental condition that has affected millions of children across the globe. About three to five percent of pre-schoolers and those between six to 12 years of age are known to suffer from this psychological disorder. There are cases where this condition persists even in adulthood.
Signs and symptoms
30-50% of those having ADD in childhood also suffer from the condition in adulthood.
Almost 2-16% of school-going children in the US face ADD problems.
Hyperactivity, inattention and impulsive behavior are the most common symptoms of ADD. Other not-so-prevalent signs may include
- Inability to maintain focus on one task
- Regularly skipping meals and switching from one activity to another.
- Not listening when spoken to.
- Having problems in organizing things.
- Talking nonstop.
- Struggling to follow instructions.
- Struggling to grasp things.
Types Of ADD
Doctors divide this disorder into 3 categories based on the variability of symptoms occurring from person to person. These are:
- Combined ADD symptoms: These symptoms are common in those children and/or adults who show impulsivity, hyperactivity and inattention in the daily tasks they perform.
- Hyperactive/impulsive: These types refer to those who present either hyperactivity or impulsive behavior along with inattentive behavior.
- Inattentive type: These are common in children who rarely show extreme behavior and often the symptoms associated with these children tend to go unnoticed.
Causes of ADD
Although there is little known about the causes of this disorder, there are various factors that may contribute to the severity of the symptoms.
- Environmental conditions like consumption of tobacco or excess smoking and alcoholism during pregnancy may play a role in causing this hyperactivity condition.
- Even childhood exposure to toxins and drugs may cause this disorder.
- ADD is known to have genetic predisposition. Children suffering from violence and abuse are known to show signs and symptoms of attention deficit disorder.
- Certain food additives like food coloring and preservatives contain chemicals which may lead to this psychological problem in kids.
- According to certain studies, ADHD is very closely linked to substance abuse.
- Many psychological beliefs and problems may influence this condition to a great extent.
- Childhood trauma, divorce, separation, death of a close family member, moving, rape or sexual abuse increase the risk of ADD and other related psychological conditions.
Treatment and management
Psychosocial treatment including cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy and neuro feedback mechanisms are known to have a considerable effect on children affected by ADD.
ADD support groups are available world-wide which help families cope with the disorder. Use of certain medications which include stimulant medicines (Ritalin, Concerta, Adderall) which maintain the chemical balance of the brain is often advised by physicians. However, over consumption of these may lead to various side effects.
Try your hand at behavioral therapy. Show your child affection, work on organizing things, be patient and take time to enjoy with your child as this is beneficial and makes the parent-child bond stronger.
Include dietary supplements such as vitamins, minerals, herbal and essential fatty acid supplements and practice yoga regularly with your child.