While vaccination is a necessary part of maintaining good health and safeguarding it, many doubts surround the process. Here are answers to some of the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on immunization.
What is immunization?
The process by which a vaccine is delivered to an individual or the whole population and the immunity thus generated is called immunization.
What is a vaccine?
A vaccine is a biological preparation developed as a protection against a particular disease. It contains special forms of the causing agents of that disease (bacteria, virus) and is administered in the body in order to build immunity against the same.
Why do I need immunization?
Immunization makes you resistant to infectious diseases, simply by the administration of the vaccine into your body. The biological preparation of vaccines stimulates the immune system of the body to develop and strengthen its fighting mechanism against the particular disease or its infection.
It has been proven that continuous, systematic and monitored immunization of a population year after year can help not only in preventing the outbreak of certain infectious and life threatening diseases; but, is also instrumental in their eventual eradication.
Immunization not only is easy to reach for one and all, it is also very cost effective. In order to get immunized no lifestyle changes are required and neither does one need any elaborate preparations beforehand. It is an easy, cheap and safe good health investment.
What are the Immunizable diseases?
Diseases for which vaccines have been developed so far and are available with all medicine suppliers or with the medical practitioners for immunization are commonly referred to as immunizable diseases. With advancements in medical research and technology the number of these diseases has been increasing over the years. Following are the immunizable diseases for which vaccines are available so far –
Polio, Tuberculosis, Hepatitis B, Diphtheria, Swine Flu, tetanus, Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Pertusis, HIB, Chickenpox, Hepatitis A, Typhoid, Cholera, Rota Virus, HPV, Influenza, Meningitis, Pneumonia, Yellow fever, Rabies, Japanese Encephalitis.
When should one start vaccination?
Vaccination should ideally begin right after birth of a baby. There are several vaccines which need to be given within the first year after birth in order to minimize chances of developing symptoms of certain diseases. Usually doctors provide parents with an Infants and toddlers immunization schedule to follow thereafter. All vaccines need to be administered at certain ages to allow them to work best.
Do adults need immunization too?
Yes, as teens, adults and elderly, we need immunization to keep certain infections and diseases at bay. All vaccines we receive as kids work sufficiently for a long time. However, as we grow, based on our age, lifestyle, living and work area; as well as immunity, several vaccines and boosters are required. Read about this in detail at – Adult Immunization, Teen and pre-teen immunization and Immunization in old age.
Are vaccines safe to use?
Barring mild fever, pain or discomfort most vaccines are safe to use. They do not have drastic side effects. However, it is very important for anyone going to get a vaccine to discuss his/her medical condition in detail with the doctor so that he or she can be considered under Special Circumstances during vaccination if any. Vaccine safety is the utmost concern of all practitioners and administrators.
Do I need vaccination before travelling to a new place?
What is more important here is to discuss your travel with your medical practitioner and do it well in advance (at least 3-4 weeks). Depending upon your health condition and the place of travel your doc will give you the best advice as far need for Vaccination before travel is concerned.
If there is more on your mind on immunization that needs answering, do not hold back. Please fill in a query at the Ask the Tzars section and the HealthTzars team or the doctors on panel will revert back to you with an answer at the earliest.